Kew Palace Sundial
Metal sundial consisting a diagonal/triangular shaft/pin decorated with filigree ironwork of plant forms, mounted on an inscribed circular plate. Plate mounted on a circular and octagonal carved stone pedestal decorated with William IV monogram on all four sides set into roundels separated by stylised leaf forms. Pedestal mounted on a low black stone rectangular base.
Replica of one of two sundials made for William IV and cast from the original at Hampton Court by Martin Holden when the first was returned to its original position in the Privy Garden after being moved to Kew Gardens in 1852. Both original sundials were companion instruments to two of Tompion's equation clocks that were used for regulating other clocks.
THIS REPLICA OF TOMPION'S SUNDIAL WAS MADE TO MARK THE VISIT TO KEW OF H.M. QUEEN ELIZABETH ON THE OCCASION OF THE BICENTENARY OF THE ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, 1959. (around edge of sundial)
Set the Watch to much faster or slower than the time by the/ Sun according to the Table for the Day of the Month when you/ set it, and if the Watch go true, the Difference of it from the Sun/ any day afterward will the same with the Table.
On stone plaque set into paving around base of sundial facing Kew Palace:
ON THIS SPOT/ IN 1725/ THE REV JAMES BRADLEY/ MADE THE FIRST OBSERVATIONS/ WHICH LED TO THE GREAT DISCOVERIES/ THE ABERRATION OF LIGHT AND/ THE NUTATION OF THE EARTH'S AXIS/ THE TELESCOPE WHICH HE USED/ HAD BEEN ERECTED BY SAM. MOLYNEUX ESQ./ IN A HOUSE WHICH AFTERWARDS BECAME/ A ROYAL RESIDENCE/ AND WAS TAKEN DOWN IN 1808/ TO PERPETUATE THE MEMORY OF/ SO IMPORTANT A STATION/ THIS DIAL WAS PLACED ON IT IN 1852/ BY COMMAND OF / HIS MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY/ KING WILLIAM THE FOURTH.
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